بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحمانِ الرَّحِيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه
الدرس الثامن عشر
السلام عليكم ورَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وبَركاتُه, In the previous chapter alhamdulillah we studied about relative pronouns and also lot of practice with adjectives. Can you iterate the relative pronoun table ? Al-Ladhī, Al-ladhāni, ……….
Relative pronouns are very common in quran. If you don’t master it then you will miss most of quran understanding.
Lets see if you can translate below relative sentences examples from quran. If you can’t then please go back to the previous chapter and memorize it again.
مِنَ الَّذِينَ مَعَكَ
الْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ
نِعْمَتِيَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ
تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ
Insha-allah in this chapter we will try to learn more vocabulary and practice more.
Arabic version of “To have / has / with”
Arabic does not use a verb to express the meaning of english ‘have / has’. Instead a number of prepositions are used. (ل )( عند for )( with مع)
Mohammad has a new car.
لِمحمدٍ سيارةٍ جديدةٍ
Abidah has old cycle
عند عبيدةِ درّاجةٍ القديمةٍ
The pen is with my sister
القلم مع أختي
Arabic version of “May i have”
In arabic to request to someone to have something. (مُمْكِنْ - possible )
May i have my book please
مُمْكِنْ كتابي من فضلك ؟
Arabic version of “ i would like to / i want” : (أُرِيدُ)
I want pizza
The above words are very frequently used in our daily vocabulary. So learning them and practicing them will be very helpful insha-allah. So lets do it.
See what all ahmed’s family has.
Ahmed : new fast car
Fatima : expensive Gold chain
Umar : Old cheap bicycle
Hajira : Big green bag
Practice drill. Below are sentences made from 4 words “Ahmed / new / fast / car”. You can try to fill the empty box in the table
He is ahmed
Ahmed has a new fast car
لِأحمدٍ سيارة جديدةٍ سريعةٍ
His car is fast and new
سيارتهُ بسرعةٍ وجديدةٍ
Ahmed’s new fast car
سيارةُ أحمدِ سريعةٍ جديدةٍ
Does he have a new car ?
هل عِندَهُ سيارةٍ جديدةٍ ؟
May i have your car please
ممكن سيارتك من فضلك ؟
I would like to have your car
Here you have
Notice how many ways we can make sentence with just few words. Now do the same for the rest of the family members.
“Fatima / expensive / Gold / chain”
She is fatimah
Fatimah has golden necklace
لِفاطمة قلادة من الذهب
her necklace is golden and expensive
قلادةها من ذهب وغلِيةٍ
Fatimah’s expensive golden necklace
Does she have a necklace ?
May i have your necklace please
I would like to have your necklace
Here you have
Try for : 1. “Hajira / Big / green / bag”
2. Umar / Old / cheap / bicycle”
Lot of arabic grammar ? Please don’t give up. Insha-allah Practice makes man perfect. So keep practicing and keep reading more arabic.
If you don’t stand up for something, you’ll fall for anything.
——— Malcolm X.